Admin tools windows server

Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) for Windows

RSAT enables IT administrators to remotely manage roles and features in Windows Server from a computer that is running Windows 10 and Windows 7 Service Pack 1.

Original product version: В Windows 10, version 1909, Windows 10, version 1903, Windows 10, version 1809, Windows 7 Service Pack 1, Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2012 R2
Original KB number: В 2693643

Introduction

You can’t install RSAT on computers that are running Home or Standard editions of Windows. You can install RSAT only on Professional or Enterprise editions of the Windows client operating system. Unless the download page specifically states that RSAT applies to a beta, preview, or other prerelease version of Windows, you must be running a full (RTM) release of the Windows operating system to install and use RSAT. Some users have found ways of manually cracking or hacking the RSAT MSU to install RSAT on unsupported releases or editions of Windows. This behavior is a violation of the Windows end-user license agreement.

Installing RSAT is similar to installing Adminpak.msi in Windows 2000-based or Windows XP-based client computers. However, there’s one major difference: in Windows 7, the tools aren’t automatically available after you download and install RSAT. Enable the tools that you want to use by using Control Panel. To enable the tools, click Start, click Control Panel, click Programs and Features, and then click Turn Windows features on or off.

In the RSAT releases for Windows 10, tools are again all enabled by default. You can open Turn Windows features on or off to disable tools that you don’t want to use for Windows 7.

For RSAT in Windows 7, you must enable the tools for the roles and features that you want to manage after you run the downloaded installation package.

You can’t do the following changes for RSAT in Windows 8 or later versions.

If you have to install management tools in Windows Server 2012 R2 for specific roles or features that are running on remote servers, you don’t have to install additional software. Start the Add Roles and Features Wizard in Windows Server 2012 R2 and later versions. Then, on the Select Features page, expand Remote Server Administration Tools, and then select the tools that you want to install. Complete the wizard to install your management tools.

Download locations for RSAT

RSAT for Windows 10 platform and tools support matrix

Remote Server Administration Tools Technology Description Manages technology in Windows Server 2012 R2 Manages technology in Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview and Windows Server 2012 R2
Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) tools AD CS tools include the Certification Authority, Certificate Templates, Enterprise PKI, and Online Responder Management snap-ins. в€љ в€љ
Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) tools and Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) tools AD DS and AD LDS tools include the following tools:

GUI tools support Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview and Windows Server 2012 R2. Only PowerShell tools work in Windows Server 2012. File Services tools File Services tools include the following tools:

The Share and Storage Management snap-in is deprecated after the release of Windows Server 2016. Storage Replica is new in Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview, and won’t work in Windows Server 2012 R2. Group Policy Management tools Group Policy Management tools include Group Policy Management Console, Group Policy Management Editor, and Group Policy Starter GPO Editor. в€љ в€љ

Group Policy has some new features in Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview that aren’t available on older operating systems. Hyper-V tools Hyper-V tools include the Hyper-V Manager snap-in and the Virtual Machine Connection remote access tool. Hyper-V tools aren’t part of Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10. These tools are available as part of Windows 10. You don’t have to install RSAT to use the tools. The Hyper-V Manager console for Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview doesn’t support managing Hyper-V servers running Server 2008 or Server 2008 R2. Hyper-V in Windows 10 can manage Hyper-V in Windows Server 2012 R2. IP Address Management (IPAM) Management tools IP Address Management client console в€љ

IPAM tools in Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10 can’t be used to manage IPAM running in Windows Server 2012 R2. в€љ

IPAM tools in Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10 can’t be used to manage IPAM running in Windows Server 2012 R2. Network Adapter Teaming, or NIC Teaming NIC Teaming management console в€љ в€љ Network Controller Network Controller PowerShell module Not available в€љ Network Load Balancing tools Network Load Balancing tools include the Network Load Balancing Manager, Network Load Balancing Windows PowerShell cmdlets, and the NLB.exe and WLBS.exe command-line tools. в€љ в€љ Remote Desktop Services tools Remote Desktop Services tools include:
— Remote Desktop snap-ins
— RD Gateway Manager
— tsgateway.msc
— RD Licensing Manager
— licmgr.exe
— RD Licensing Diagnoser
— lsdiag.msc

Use Server Manager to administer all other RDS role services except RD Gateway and RD Licensing. в€љ в€љ Server for NIS tools Server for NIS tools include an extension to the Active Directory Users and Computers snap-in, and the Ypclear.exe command-line tool These tools aren’t available in RSAT for Windows 10 and later releases. Server Manager Server Manager includes the Server Manager console.

Remote management with Server Manager is available in Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview, Windows Server 2012 R2, and Windows Server 2012. в€љ в€љ Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) Server tools SMTP Server tools include the SMTP snap-in. These tools aren’t available in RSAT for Windows 8 and later releases. Storage Explorer tools Storage Explorer tools include the Storage Explorer snap-in. These tools aren’t available in RSAT for Windows 8 and later releases. Storage Manager for Storage Area Network (SAN) tools Storage Manager for SAN tools include the Storage Manager for SAN snap-in and the Provisionstorage.exe command-line tool. These tools aren’t available in RSAT for Windows 8 and later releases. Volume Activation Manage Volume Activation, vmw.exe в€љ в€љ Windows System Resource Manager tools Windows System Resource Manager tools include the Windows System Resource Manager snap-in and the Wsrmc.exe command-line tool. в€љ

WSRM has been deprecated in Windows Server 2012 R2. Tools for managing WSRM aren’t available in RSAT for Windows 8.1 and later releases of RSAT. Windows Server Update Services tools Windows Server Update Services tools include the Windows Server Update Services snap-in, WSUS.msc, and PowerShell cmdlets. в€љ в€љ

RSAT for Windows 10, version 1809 or later versions

You can’t use the Turn Windows features on and off dialog from the Control Panel

Installing the RSAT Tools for Windows 10 version 1809 and later version is slightly different from earlier versions. RSAT is now part of the Operating System an can be installed via Optional Features.

To enable the tools, click Start, click Settings, click Apps, and then click Optional features, after that click on the panel Add a feature and enter Remote in the search bar.

Источник

Средства администрирования удаленных серверов (RSAT) для Windows

RSAT позволяет ИТ-администраторам удаленно управлять ролями и функциями в Windows Server с компьютера под управлением Windows 10 и Windows 7 Пакет обновления 1.

Оригинальная версия продукта: Windows 10, версия 1909, Windows 10, версия 1903, Windows 10, версия 1809, Windows 7 Пакет обновления 1, Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2012 R2
Исходный номер КБ: 2693643

Общие сведения

Нельзя установить RSAT на компьютерах с домашними или стандартными версиями Windows. Установить RSAT можно только в профессиональных или корпоративных выпусках клиентской операционной системы Windows. Если на странице загрузки не будет конкретно оговаривать, что RSAT применяется к бета-версии, предварительному просмотру или другой предварительной версии Windows, необходимо запускать полный (RTM) выпуск операционной системы Windows для установки и использования RSAT. Некоторые пользователи нашли способы ручного взлома или взлома MSU RSAT для установки RSAT на неподтвержденые выпуски или выпуски Windows. Это поведение является нарушением лицензионного соглашения с конечным пользователем Windows.

Установка RSAT аналогична установке Adminpak.msi на клиентских компьютерах Windows 2000 или Windows XP. Однако существует одно серьезное отличие: в Windows 7 средства не доступны автоматически после загрузки и установки RSAT. Включить средства, которые необходимо использовать с помощью панели управления. Чтобы включить инструменты, нажмите кнопку Начните, нажмите панель управления, щелкните Программы и функции, а затем нажмите кнопку Включить или отключить функции Windows.

В выпусках RSAT для Windows 10 средства снова включены по умолчанию. Вы можете открыть включить или отключить функции Windows, чтобы отключить средства, которые вы не хотите использовать для Windows 7.

Для RSAT в Windows 7 необходимо включить средства для ролей и функций, которыми необходимо управлять после запуска загруженного пакета установки.

Вы не можете сделать следующие изменения для RSAT в Windows 8 или более поздних версиях.

Если вам необходимо установить средства управления в Windows Server 2012 R2 для определенных ролей или функций, которые работают на удаленных серверах, вам не нужно устанавливать дополнительное программное обеспечение. Запустите мастер добавления ролей и функций в Windows Server 2012 R2 и более поздних версиях. Затем на странице Выбор функций развяйте средства администрирования удаленных серверов и выберите инструменты, которые необходимо установить. Выполните мастер, чтобы установить средства управления.

Расположение загрузки для RSAT

RSAT для матрицы поддержки платформы и инструментов Windows 10

Технология средств администрирования удаленных серверов Описание Управление технологиями в Windows Server 2012 R2 Управление технологиями в Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview и Windows Server 2012 R2
Инструменты active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) Инструменты CS AD включают в себя управление сертификацией, шаблоны сертификатов, корпоративные PKI и сетевые системы управления реагированием.
Средства active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) и средства active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) Инструменты AD DS и AD LDS включают следующие средства:

Средства GUI поддерживают технический просмотр Windows Server 2016 и Windows Server 2012 R2. Только средства PowerShell работают в Windows Server 2012. Инструменты служб файлов Инструменты служб файлов включают в себя следующие средства:

После выпуска Windows Server 2016 оснастка share and Storage Management отстает. Реплика хранилища является новой в технической версии Windows Server 2016 и не будет работать в Windows Server 2012 R2. Инструменты управления групповой политикой Инструменты управления групповой политикой включают консоль управления групповой политикой, редактор управления групповой политикой и редактор GPO для начала групповой политики.

В технической версии Windows Server 2016 group Policy есть некоторые новые функции, недоступные в старых операционных системах. Hyper-V средства Hyper-V средства включают Hyper-V manager snap-in и средство удаленного доступа к виртуальной машине. Hyper-V не являются частью средств администрирования удаленного сервера для Windows 10. Эти средства доступны в составе Windows 10. Для использования этих средств не нужно устанавливать RSAT. Консоль Hyper-V Manager для технического предварительного просмотра Windows Server 2016 не поддерживает управление Hyper-V серверами под управлением Server 2008 или Server 2008 R2. Hyper-V Windows 10 может управлять Hyper-V Windows Server 2012 R2. Средства управления IP-адресами (IPAM) Клиентская консоль управления IP-адресами

Средства IPAM в средствах администрирования удаленного сервера для Windows 10 не могут использоваться для управления IPAM, запущенным в Windows Server 2012 R2.

Средства IPAM в средствах администрирования удаленного сервера для Windows 10 не могут использоваться для управления IPAM, запущенным в Windows Server 2012 R2. Командная группа сетевого адаптер или командная группа NIC Консоль управления NIC Teaming Контроллер сети Модуль PowerShell контроллера сети Недоступно Средства балансировки сетевых нагрузок Средства балансировки сетевых нагрузок включают диспетчер балансировки нагрузки сети, командлеты Windows PowerShell нагрузки и средстваNLB.exeи WLBS.exe командной строки. Средства удаленного рабочего стола Средства удаленного рабочего стола включают в себя следующие средства:
— Удаленные оснастки настольных компьютеров
— Диспетчер шлюзов RD
— tsgateway.msc
— Менеджер по лицензированию RD
— licmgr.exe
— Диагностика лицензий RD
— lsdiag.msc

Используйте Server Manager для администрирования всех других служб ролей RDS, кроме RD Gateway и RD Licensing. Сервер для инструментов NIS Средства server for NIS включают расширение для оснастки пользователей и компьютеров Active Directory и средства Ypclear.exeкомандной строки Эти средства недоступны в RSAT для Windows 10 и более поздних выпусков. Диспетчер серверов Диспетчер сервера включает консоль Server Manager.

Удаленное управление с помощью диспетчера серверов доступно в технических версиях Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2 и Windows Server 2012. Средства сервера простого протокола передачи почты (SMTP) Средства SMTP Server включают оснастку SMTP. Эти средства недоступны в RSAT для Windows 8 и более поздних выпусков. Средства обозревателя хранилища Средства Explorer хранилища включают оснастку Storage Explorer. Эти средства недоступны в RSAT для Windows 8 и более поздних выпусков. Средства диспетчера хранения для средств сети зоны хранения (SAN) Диспетчер хранения для инструментов SAN включает диспетчер хранения для оснастки SAN иProvisionstorage.exe командной строки. Эти средства недоступны в RSAT для Windows 8 и более поздних выпусков. Активация тома Управление активацией тома, vmw.exe Средства управления ресурсами системы Windows Средства управления ресурсами системы Windows включают оснастку диспетчера ресурсов Windows system и средство Wsrmc.exeкомандной строки.

WSRM был обесцениваться в Windows Server 2012 R2. Средства для управления WSRM недоступны в RSAT для Windows 8.1 и более поздних выпусков RSAT. cлужбы Windows Server Update Services средства cлужбы Windows Server Update Services средства включают cлужбы Windows Server Update Services, WSUS.msc и PowerShell.

RSAT для Windows 10, версии 1809 или более поздних версий

Вы не можете использовать функции Turn Windows в диалоговом окнах и вне его из панели управления

Установка RSAT Tools для Windows 10 версии 1809 и более поздней версии немного отличается от предыдущих версий. RSAT теперь является частью операционной системы, которая может быть установлена с помощью необязательных функций.

Чтобы включить инструменты, нажмите кнопку Начните, щелкните Параметры, щелкните Приложения, а затем щелкните Необязательные функции, после чего щелкните на панели Добавить функцию и введите Удаленный в панели поиска.

Источник

Remote Server Administration Tools

Applies to: Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

This topic supports Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10.

Starting with Windows 10 October 2018 Update, RSAT is included as a set of Features on Demand in Windows 10 itself. See When to use which RSAT version below for installation instructions.

RSAT lets IT admins manage Windows Server roles and features from a Windows 10 PC.

Remote Server Administration Tools includes Server Manager, Microsoft Management Console (mmc) snap-ins, consoles, Windows PowerShell cmdlets and providers, and some command-line tools for managing roles and features that run on Windows Server.

Remote Server Administration Tools includes Windows PowerShell cmdlet modules that can be used to manage roles and features that are running on Remote servers. Although Windows PowerShell remote management is enabled by default on Windows Server 2016, it is not enabled by default on Windows 10. To run cmdlets that are part of Remote Server Administration Tools against a Remote server, run Enable-PSremoting in a Windows PowerShell session that has been opened with elevated user rights (that is, Run as Administrator) on your Windows client computer after installing Remote Server Administration Tools.

Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10

Tools available in this release

For a list of the tools available in Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10, see the table in Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) for Windows operating systems.

System requirements

Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10 can be installed only on computers that are running Windows 10. Remote Server Administration Tools cannot be installed on computers that are running Windows RT 8.1, or other system-on-chip devices.

Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10 runs on both x86-based and x64-based editions of Windows 10.

Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10 should not be installed on a computer that is running administration tools packs for Windows 8.1, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003 or Windows 2000 Server. Remove all older versions of Administration Tools Pack or Remote Server Administration Tools, including earlier prerelease versions, and releases of the tools for different languages or locales from the computer before you install Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10.

Windows PowerShell and Server Manager remote management must be enabled on remote servers to manage them by using tools that are part of Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10. Remote management is enabled by default on servers that are running Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, and Windows Server 2012. For more information about how to enable remote management if it has been disabled, see Manage multiple, remote servers with Server Manager.

Install, uninstall and turn off/on RSAT tools

Use Features on Demand (FoD) to install specific RSAT tools on Windows 10 October 2018 Update, or later.

Starting with Windows 10 October 2018 Update, RSAT is included as a set of Features on Demand right from Windows 10. Now, instead of downloading an RSAT package you can just go to Manage optional features in Settings and click Add a feature to see the list of available RSAT tools. Select and install the specific RSAT tools you need. To see installation progress, click the Back button to view status on the Manage optional features page.

See the list of RSAT tools available via Features on Demand. In addition to installing via the graphical Settings app, you can also install specific RSAT tools via command line or automation using DISM /Add-Capability.

One benefit of Features on Demand is that installed features persist across Windows 10 version upgrades.

To uninstall specific RSAT tools on Windows 10 October 2018 Update or later (after installing with FoD)

On Windows 10, open the Settings app, go to Manage optional features, select and uninstall the specific RSAT tools you wish to remove. Note that in some cases, you will need to manually uninstall dependencies. Specifically, if RSAT tool A is needed by RSAT tool B, then choosing to uninstall RSAT tool A will fail if RSAT tool B is still installed. In this case, uninstall RSAT tool B first, and then uninstall RSAT tool A. Also note that in some cases, uninstalling an RSAT tool may appear to succeed even though the tool is still installed. In this case, restarting the PC will complete the removal of the tool.

See the list of RSAT tools including dependencies. In addition to uninstalling via the graphical Settings app, you can also uninstall specific RSAT tools via command line or automation using DISM /Remove-Capability.

When to use which RSAT version

If you have a version of Windows 10 prior to the October 2018 Update (1809), you will not be able to use Features on Demand. You will need to download and install the RSAT package.

Install RSAT FODs directly from Windows 10, as outlined above: When installing on Windows 10 October 2018 Update (1809) or later, for managing Windows Server 2019 or previous versions.

Download and install WS_1803 RSAT package, as outlined below: When installing on Windows 10 April 2018 Update (1803) or earlier, for managing Windows Server, version 1803 or Windows Server, version 1709.

Download and install WS2016 RSAT package, as outlined below: When installing on Windows 10 April 2018 Update (1803) or earlier, for managing Windows Server 2016 or previous versions.

Download the RSAT package to install Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10

Download the Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10 package from the Microsoft Download Center. You can either run the installer from the Download Center website, or save the download package to a local computer or share.

You can only install Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10 on computers that are running Windows 10. Remote Server Administration Tools cannot be installed on computers that are running Windows RT 8.1 or other system-on-chip devices.

If you save the download package to a local computer or share, double-click the installer program, WindowsTH-KB2693643-x64.msu or WindowsTH-KB2693643-x86.msu, depending on the architecture of the computer on which you want to install the tools.

When you are prompted by the Windows Update Standalone Installer dialog box to install the update, click Yes.

Read and accept the license terms. Click I accept.

Installation requires a few minutes to finish.

To uninstall Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10 after RSAT package install)

On the desktop, click Start, click All Apps, click Windows System, and then click Control Panel.

Under Programs, click Uninstall a program.

Click View installed updates.

Right-click Update for Microsoft Windows (KB2693643), and then click Uninstall.

When you are asked if you are sure you want to uninstall the update, click Yes. S

To turn off specific tools (after RSAT package install)

On the desktop, click Start, click All Apps, click Windows System, and then click Control Panel.

Click Programs, and then in Programs and Features click Turn Windows features on or off.

In the Windows Features dialog box, expand Remote Server Administration Tools, and then expand either Role Administration Tools or Feature Administration Tools.

Clear the check boxes for any tools that you want to turn off.

If you turn off Server Manager, the computer must be restarted, and tools that were accessible from the Tools menu of Server Manager must be opened from the Administrative Tools folder.

When you are finished turning off tools that you do not want to use, click OK.

Run Remote Server Administration Tools

After installing Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10, the Administrative Tools folder is displayed on the Start menu. You can access the tools from the following locations.

The tools installed as part of Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10 cannot be used to manage the local client computer. Regardless of the tool you run, you must specify a remote server, or multiple remote servers, on which to run the tool. Because most tools are integrated with Server Manager, you add remote servers that you want to manage to the Server Manager server pool before managing the server by using the tools in the Tools menu. For more information about how to add servers to your server pool, and create custom groups of servers, see Add servers to Server Manager and Create and manage server groups.

In Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10, all GUI-based server management tools, such as mmc snap-ins and dialog boxes, are accessed from the Tools menu of the Server Manager console. Although the computer that runs Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10 runs a client-based operating system, after installing the tools, Server Manager, included with Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 10, opens automatically by default on the client computer. Note that there is no Local Server page in the Server Manager console that runs on a client computer.

To start Server Manager on a client computer

On the Start menu, click All Apps, and then click Administrative Tools.

In the Administrative Tools folder, click Server Manager.

To start Windows PowerShell with elevated user rights (Run as administrator)

On the Start menu, click All Apps, click Windows System, and then click Windows PowerShell.

To run Windows PowerShell as an administrator from the desktop, right-click the Windows PowerShell shortcut, and then click Run as Administrator.

You can also start a Windows PowerShell session that is targeted at a specific server by right-clicking a managed server in a role or group page in Server Manager, and then clicking Windows PowerShell.

Known issues

Issue: RSAT FOD installation fails with error code 0x800f0954

Impact: RSAT FODs on Windows 10 1809 (October 2018 Update) in WSUS/Configuration Manager environments

Resolution: To install FODs on a domain-joined PC which receives updates through WSUS or Configuration Manager, you will need to change a Group Policy setting to enable downloading FODs directly from Windows Update or a local share. For more details and instructions on how to change that setting, see How to make Features on Demand and language packs available when you’re using WSUS/SCCM.

Issue: RSAT FOD installation via Settings app does not show status/progress

Impact: RSAT FODs on Windows 10 1809 (October 2018 Update)

Resolution: To see installation progress, click the Back button to view status on the Manage optional features page.

Issue: RSAT FOD uninstallation via Settings app may fail

Impact: RSAT FODs on Windows 10 1809 (October 2018 Update)

Resolution: In some cases, uninstallation failures are due to the need to manually uninstall dependencies. Specifically, if RSAT tool A is needed by RSAT tool B, then choosing to uninstall RSAT tool A will fail if RSAT tool B is still installed. In this case, uninstall RSAT tool B first, and then uninstall RSAT tool A. See the list of RSAT FODs including dependencies.

Issue: RSAT FOD uninstallation appears to succeed, but the tool is still installed

Impact: RSAT FODs on Windows 10 1809 (October 2018 Update)

Resolution: Restarting the PC will complete the removal of the tool.

Issue: RSAT missing after Windows 10 upgrade

Источник

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